GS1 is Global Standards Organisation which is an international non-profit organisation. It has headquarters in Brussels (Belgium) and Princeton, New Jersey (US).
You might have wondered where does the barcode on the products come from. Barcodes are issued by GS1. GS1 is the only provider of authentic, globally recognised barcodes, which means that if you use GS1 barcodes to your product, your product can be recognised and scanned all over the world. GS1 ensures that the barcodes you receive are unique and will be registered in the GS1 Global Trade Number Registry (GEPIR).
In a world of growing data, GS1 standards help you single out what really matters. GS1 standards are grouped into three groups to give you a common language to identify, capture, share and use supply chain data ensuring important data is accessible, correct and easy to understand.
Barcodes are symbols that can be scanned electronically using laser or camera-based systems to read numbers or other data types. Barcodes are used to encode information such as product numbers, serial numbers and batch numbers. Barcodes play a key role in supply chains, enabling parties like retailers, manufacturers, logistics providers and hospitals to automatically identify and track products as they move through the supply chain.
Global Trade Item Number (GTIN)
The identification number for a unique product to generate a barcode is called a GTIN, which is Global Trade Item Number. A GTIN is a globally unique GS1 identification number assigned to any product or service that may be priced, or ordered, or invoiced at any point in any supply chain. The GTIN is the ‘number’ part of the barcode, encoded in one of several types of barcode depending on the nature of the product and the ecosystem in which it will be scanned (retail, distribution or both). It is made up of:
Global company prefix (allocated by GS1)
An item number (allocated by Company to each product variant)
A check digit
GS1’s Identification Standards
GS1 Identification (ID) Keys give companies effective ways to access information about items in their supply chains, and share data with trading partners. ID Keys enable organisations to assign standard identifiers to products, documents, physical locations and more. Since GS1 ID keys are globally unique, they can be shared between organisations, increasing supply chain visibility for trading partners.